Myopia Control

Prevalence of myopia has increased dramatically over the last 30 years and is expected to be a global epidemic by 2050. Our optometrists are highly trained and motivated to implement myopia control in your child.

What is Myopia?

 

Myopia or short-sightedness is a condition of the eye where distant objects appear to be blurry while close objects appear normal.

 

The underlying cause for myopia is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some risk factors include family history, lifestyle, prolonged periods of digital device use, near work and greater time spent indoors.

 

Current research has shown that there is an epidemic of myopia worldwide.

Myopia control information for parents

 

Does your child’s prescription seem to go up every year? No big deal, right? He/she just needs an updated pair of glasses or contacts and it’s back to business as usual.

 

Well in the past we once believed being near-sighted (myopic) was just a nuisance, certainly not harmful. Wow, were we wrong!

 

The evidence shows that the more myopic your child gets, the more at risk you are for serious eye diseases/conditions later in life!

 

The higher the Rx, the higher the risk for future problems. We now know that glaucoma, cataract, macular degeneration and retinal detachments are all linked to myopia. The more myopic, the more at risk. That is why it is very important that we do what we can to protect our children’s eyes from getting worse. Here are some quick facts.

 

Why do we need to control myopia?

 

An analysis of several papers allows us to explain the increased frequency of comorbid myopia pathologies in simple risk terms, presented in the following table.

At 3.00D of myopia, the risk of Cataract triples, and the risk of Retinal Detachment and Myopic Maculopathy is 10 times that of a person who isn’t near-sighted. Once children reach 6.00D of myopia, they hold a 6 times greater risk of Cataract, a whopping 21 times greater risk of Retinal Detachment, and a dramatic 40 times greater risk of Myopic Maculopathy.

 

These ratio risks demonstrate that there is no physiological level of myopia that could be considered “safe” in comparison to those who aren’t near-sighted.

 

If you want to help ensure your child’s eyes stay as healthy as possible then myopia control is a must. The aim of Myopia Control is to reduce the rate of axial lens elongation (growth of eye).

 

 

What are the Myopia control options:

 

  • Atropine 0.01% eye drops
  • Orthokeratology
  • Misight soft multifocal daily contact lenses
  • Multifocal glasses
  • More outdoor time

Atropine Eye Drops:

 

In recent studies, Atropine – an antimuscarinic drug has shown to have great effectiveness in retarding the progression of myopia.  It is a prescription only medicine and in low concentrations (0.01%), it is believed to influence receptors responsible for controlling the growth and length of the eye.

 

Atropine is often combined as adjunct therapy with your child’s glasses and/or contact lenses.

 

Orthokeratology – What is Ortho-K?

 

Ortho-K or Orthokeratology is a simple and non-surgical alternative to glasses, daytime contact lenses and laser surgery. We fit you with customised, firm contact lenses to temporarily reshape your eye’s cornea WHILE YOU SLEEP.

 

The result is clear vision during the day, making your day hassle-free, whether it is at school, work, home or on the sports field.

 

How does Ortho-K work?

 

Ortho-K contact lenses have a unique design, which generates pressure in the thin layer of tears under the contact lens. This gentle tear pressure, rather than the lens itself, is responsible for the subtle change in corneal shape.

 

The cornea is highly elastic and will return to its original shape if Ortho-K lenses are not worn on a regular basis. For this reason, Ortho-K lenses are worn every night to maintain the re-shaping effect once the desired cornea shape has been achieved.

 

How long does it take for Ortho-K to start working?

 

You can expect to see improvements within the first 48 hours, with maximum vision correction achieved within the first two weeks of wearing Ortho-K lenses.

 

Ortho-K is a safe, easy and reversible alternative that corrects your vision without any permanent change to your eyes. Although Ortho-K lenses are firm, they are designed using highly breathable materials, allowing your eyes to breathe even while you sleep.

 

Is Ortho-K safe?

 

As with all contact lenses, regular check-ups and good lens hygiene are essential to ensure that you maintain healthy vision while also getting the most out of your Ortho-K lenses.

 

Yes! No more dry eyes in the classroom, broken glasses or lost contact lenses. Children make great Ortho-K wearers. They are highly motivated and learn how to take care of their lenses quickly, even children as young as five years.

 

Is it suitable for kids and teens?

 

The lenses are placed on the eyes right before bed. The mild sensation disappears as soon as the eyes are closed for sleep, so children aren’t afraid to wear the lenses. Ortho-K lenses are very successful for slowing down progression of myopia and are now first choice for MYOPIA CONTROL.

 

Find out if you are a suitable candidate for orthoK!

 

Misight Soft multifocal daily contact lenses

 

Misight Soft Contact lenses by CoooperVision use ActivControl™ Technology, which results in a soft contact lens that gives clear vision and can control the rate of progression. ActivControl™ Technology provides clear distance, intermediate and near vision while the peripheral treatment zones of the lens create myopic retinal defocus that has been shown to control the rate of progression of myopia.

 

MiSight™ is a soft, daily disposable contact lens in the proven Proclear® material. The benefits of using soft daily disposable lens include comfort with no need for cleaning or disinfecting the lenses – making it ideal for children of all ages.

 

Multifocal Glasses:

 

Multifocal glasses are designed to allow for both proper distance prescription when viewing distance targets and a lower near prescription for reading or using a computer.  Myopia research has suggested that accommodative dysfunction may play a role in progressive myopia. A reduction in accommodative demand with a use of multifocal glasses may reduce myopia progression.

 

Outdoor time:

 

Recent research in myopia has proven that children need to spend more than one hour and preferably at least two hours a day outside to help prevent myopia from developing and progressing. Daily ambient light exposure for kids is vital to control eye growth in childhood, with increased exposure resulting in slower axial growth of the eye, which causes myopia.